Judicial paper

Judicial papers


Judicial papers are sheets that, according to the law, have a special validity in judicial proceedings and constitute a part of the contents of the case.

Types of court documents and its complete description

۱- Petition:

It means to sue and in legal terms it is said that the plaintiff initiates a lawsuit against the defendant through the justice system and must be in Persian and contain the full details of the plaintiffs and their lawyers.

۲- Declaration:

It is a document by which anyone can claim his right from another before filing a petition, provided that the due date has been reached.

۳- Warning:

It is an invitation by which the parties to the case or witnesses or other persons whose presence in the courts is important are summoned to judicial authorities in legal (civil) cases.

۴- Summons:

It is a formal invitation, made by a judicial official to a person to appear before a judicial authority. The summoning of the accused is done only by summons.

۵-Arrest warrant:

If the accused does not appear before the investigator to give an explanation, the judicial authority will order him to be summoned and will issue a form called the summons, which will be presented to the accused by the law enforcement officers and then referred to the investigator. They call this act to arrest the accused. This arrest warrant may also be mobile, meaning that within the jurisdiction of a particular court, officers may have a warrant in their possession so that wherever they see the accused, they can arrest him and take him to the investigator.


The lawsuit is the judge’s decision and decision, which is typed on a special printed sheet. This form has a special framework and items such as court number, date of issuance, case class, reasons and documents of the vote, details of the parties, result of the vote and are included in it. After the lawsuit is prepared and signed by the judge, you and the other party will be notified in accordance with the legal requirements.


The writ of execution is another type of petition in which the name, surname and place of residence of the convict, the details of the sentence and its subject and that the payment of execution is the responsibility of the convict and signed by the presiding judge and office manager. It is sealed by the court and sent for notification. Enforcement papers are issued to the number of convicts plus two copies. One copy will be filed in the case file and the other copy will be filed in the enforcement case file after being notified to the convict, and another copy will be served on the accused at the time of notification.

Notification of judicial documents:

When you file a lawsuit in court, you have to wait for the papers from the court, which are called notices. Notification is one of the most important parts of litigation because notification will keep you informed of your case. See the notification form itself and even the guarantee of your absence from court is mentioned in the same form.
In the past, judicial documents were served physically, but today, notifications are done electronically by registering in the Sana system. Information registered in Sana, such as address and telephone number, is considered judicial history. When the notification is made in Sana, whether it is seen or not, the notification is made, but seeing them as real notification and not seeing them is considered as refusing to accept judicial documents. Therefore, it is a kind of legal communication. In electronic notification, the addressee can declare ignorance if he proves that he was not informed of the provisions of the notification due to lack of access or defects in the computer and telecommunication system.